Presidential Limousine weights 4,750 kilos. One door of armored car is 200 kilos. Motor is 315 HP, cubic capacity 7,680.
Presidential Limousine accelerates to 100 km/h at 13 seconds; maximal speed is 190 km/h.
Under hood, there is 315-HP gasoline motor. To operate Limousine, driving license for large goods vehicles is required.
Limousine length exceeds 6 meters. The highest safety rating presumes a specific type of undercarriage, so that the car cannot be turned upside down. Fuel tank is almost knock-proof.
Limousine is fit with special armor and bullet-resistant glass of 47-mm width, which provides its passenger with protection against shot fired from sniper rifles, Kalashnikov guns, and from hand grenades.
No excessive features are inside, but black leather and Karelian birch.
There is 1-cm thick armored capsule under black-paint polished case.
Armor capsule is the foundation of Limousine. It serves as a load-bearing frame, where all necessary modules, accessories, extras and body parts are mounted.
Transporting of armored ZIL of Boris N. Yeltsin in Moscow, Nov. 18, 2013
Cross-cutting: Alexander Babkin, Yeltsin Center
Transporting of armored ZIL of Boris N. Yeltsin.
Moscow, Kremlyovskaya Embankment, Nov.18, 2013
Late November 2013 armored ZIL-41052 was sent to Ekaterinburg in a huge railroad container.
— How often do leaders change their drivers?
— Drivers are permanent and almost never change, if not due to some extraordinary circumstances.
— Is there age limit? How old are you?
— There is no qualification as such.
This is Igor’ Igorevich Vassilyev, personal driver of Russian president and Presidential Security Service employee in rank of lieutenant-colonel
— Are you the sole driver of the president?
— No, there are three of us, but I happen to be the chief driver now.
— Do you smoke?
— I tried as youngster, but didn’t like it.
— What about the president?
— No. Nobody does in our team.
— Brezhnev was known to like speedy driving. What about Yeltsin?
— As he said, ‘I love driving at a speed but comfortably.’ He meant car should not shake from side to side; going shouldn’t be rough, and all that has to be reasonably safe and maneuverable on the road.
— President uses several cars. When is it ZIL, and when Mercedes?
— ZIL with Russian flag on it is used for official protocol meetings, and heavy Merce for less formal events.
— Is it Volga sometimes?
— Rarely, on occasion, so that we could come unnoticed.
— How does he fit with his grenadier 187 cm of height?
— Rear seat in Volga with too little space does not suit, and there is no space in the car to move it either, so for him only we move the front seat back. In all other cases for security reasons Boris Nikolayevich seats at the back. When we move out in Volga, nobody knows and mustn’t know.
— Are presidential cars high-secured?
— Absolutely. ZIL, for instance, can survive any bullets, including gun burst to glass. As an experiment, once three frag grenades were put on the roof and detonated at a time. There were some paint blown off and minor hollows.
— Is there a glass between you and passenger in the car?
— No, we have no partition.
— Do you speak while driving?
— Not often. Once the door is closed, we start off, no questions arise.
— How does he react if you get a puncture on the move, or you get stuck?
— These things happen, yet there’s no time to response. We change the car at a moment’s notice, and other people take care of it. There’s always a reserve car following.
— What if there is no reserve car?
— Should this happen, I will change the wheel in a couple of minutes. Yet before we stop we shall make a call to respective service. While we are changing the wheel, they will catch us up and provide the spare. This service operates failure-free.
— In what order do government cars line up?
— In front, there is a road police car ensuring drive through. It is followed by an administration car. Then, the main car follows, then covering escort, and a reserve car. After that, cortege comes itself, where media representatives take their seats.